Various Types of Sewing Machines

The function of a sewing machine is to sew the fabric and other materials together with the thread. Sewing machines are very important. A sewing machine is present in almost every house. The commonly used sewing machine in household is the domestic sewing machine. But most of the people are unaware of the types of sewing machines. Only some professionals know about some kinds. But do you know there are so many types of sewing machines?

Today we will discuss the different types of sewing machines in the post. You will have an idea about the type of sewing machine you need. Let’s start…

Types Of Sewing Machines According to Place of Use

There are types Of Sewing Machines according to the place of use like in which place you are using it or it is intended to use. Such as Industry and home. You can choose from here which will be the best sewing machine for you for industrial use.

Sewing machines are also being used in industries as well as home. So according to this, it is of two types-

  • Industrial Sewing Machine
  • Home or Domestic Sewing Machine

Industrial Sewing Machines

Industrial machines are intended for factory use. Some machines are designed to make shirts cuffs and some are designed to put the waistband in jeans. These machines are built specifically to do long term and professional tasks. Their constructions are made up of highly durable parts and motors. The gears, housing, connecting rods and body of the industrial sewing machines are made up of high-quality metals like cast iron Aluminum.

These machines are built specifically to do long term and professional tasks. Their constructions are made up of highly durable parts and motors. The gears, housing, connecting rods and body of the industrial sewing machines are made up of high-quality metals like cast iron Aluminum.

The gears, housing, connecting rods and body of the industrial sewing machines are made up of high-quality metals like cast iron Aluminum.

These machines are larger in size compared to domestic sewing machines. These industrial sewing machines can perform a large number of tasks in minimum time. They are costlier than domestic sewing machines.

These are more generic. A motor of any industrial machine can work on any brand. Overlocker and straight stitch machines are same. Sewing feet and bobbin between brands are also interchangeable. The motors in the industrial machines have separate components and mounted to the underside of the table. They have usually two types of motors

The motors in the industrial machines have separate components and mounted to the underside of the table. They have usually two types of motors

  • Servo motor – These use less electricity and are silent when not in use.
  • Clutch Motor – It always spins even when not in use.

The industrial sewing machines are mainly 4 types according to the design of their arm and needle post. They are

  • Flat Bed
  • Post Bed
  • Cylinder Bed
  • Off the arm

If you want to start an industry for garments and shoes then you can for the industrial sewing machine. It is not for small business.

Flat Bed

The construction and design of the Flat Bed sewing machine is similar to the traditional sewing machine. Because in this the arm and the needle extend to the flat base of the machine like the traditional sewing machine. It is mainly used for sewing flat pieces of fabric together.

Cylinder Bed

This is opposite the flat bed. They have a narrow and horizontal column. Because of this the fabric passes around and under the column. The diameter of the cylinder varies from 5 cm to 16 cm. It is used for sewing cylindrical pieces like cuffs. It is also used to sew saddles and shoes.

Post Bed

These machines have vertical columns above the flat base of a machine. The height of the vertical column is 10 to 45 cm. These have bobbins, feed dogs/loopers in the vertical column. Post bed machines are used for attaching emblems, boot making and glove making.

Of-the-arm

These are not very common. In this type of machine, the worker needs to feed material along the axis of a horizontal column. It is useful in seaming sleeves and shoulder.

Domestic Sewing Machine

Domestic sewing machines are built for housewives for householders. These machines can handle a variety of materials. These can perform every task. But these machines can’t do heavy tasks. These might have been made up of plastic or nylon gear.

These machines work at a slower pace and are intended for people who work slowly. These machines can work for up to 5 hours. If it works more than 5 hours then the motor may become hot.

Apart from uses, the sewing machines are also classified according to the functions and facilities available. On this, the sewing machines are of 4 types.

  • Manual Sewing Machine
  • Electric Sewing Machine
  • Computerized Sewing machine
  • Over Locker Sewing Machine

Manual Sewing Machine

Manual sewing machines are the most basic type of sewing machine. They don’t require electric power to run them. Although these have lesser features compared to electronic and computerized sewing machines, they are the most used sewing machines because of their durability.

These are available as vintage models. They require more physical work from the user. These have a wheel in the side and a foot pedal. The user uses the foot pedal to run the machine. These are made of metal. They can sew all materials, but they are better suited to light and medium weight materials.

Electronic Sewing Machine

An Electronic sewing machine has a single motor. This motor gives power to the needle. They have an electronic foot pedal. The speed of the machine can be controlled by putting pressure on the electronic foot pedal. The user can control the fabrics with both hands.

Types Of Sewing Machines
Electronic Sewing Machine

Computerized Sewing

Types Of Sewing Machines

These types of machines are for advanced needs. They don’t contain dials and buttons. They also LED display or LCD display or large touch screen. These have a vast number of functions. The basic computerized sewing machines can remember a few previous sewing projects and can automatically set the tension. The more advanced computerised sewing machines can sew complex embroidery stitches.

The basic computerized sewing machines can remember a few previous sewing projects and can automatically set the tension. The advanced computerized sewing machines can sew complex embroidery stitches. Computerized machines also have USB ports available, so that the user can create their designs on a computer and then link it to the machine. Then they can set their personalized pattern. Some more advanced computerised sewing machines also remember previous projects and also download patterns from the internet. These machines are more costly than manual and electronic sewing machines. Still, they are being used because they can sew all types of materials and

These machines are more costly than manual and electronic sewing machines. Still, they are being used because they can sew all types of materials and at a faster rate.

Overlocker Machines

Types Of Sewing Machines

These types of machines sew over the edge of one or two pieces of cloth for edging, hemming or seaming. They automatically cut the edges and sew. The cutters present in overlock machines allow these machines to create thickened seams easily and quickly. These are also called sergers in North America. Some machines are also available without cutters. These machines run at a high speed from 1000-9000 rpm. These are mostly used in industries for edging hemming and seaming.

These are also called sergers in North America. Some machines are also available without cutters. These machines run at a high speed from 1000-9000 rpm. These are mostly used in industries for edging hemming and seaming.

These machines have fewer functions than sewing machines. They use 2-9 threads and multiple needles to create an overcast stitch. They are an addition to regular sewing machines, not a replacement. They are used for decorations, overlocking, and are also called overedging, merrowing.

Sewing machines also being divided into 8 types according to their functions means types of stitches they make. These are-

  • Lockstitch Machine
  • Chain stitch machine
  • Zigzag machine
  • Overedging machine
  • Embroidery Machine
  • Button Holler Machine
  • Button Attachment Machine
  • Double Needle Machine
  • Bar tacking sewing machine

Lock Stich Sewing Machine

These type of sewing machines generally use two threads one upper and one lower. Both the upper and lower thread lock together in the hole in the fabric. There is a spindle on the top of the machine where the spool is kept. A tension mechanism is produced and the spindle spins and the thread run from the spool through the arm and finally through the needle. The lower thread is present in the bobbin. The bobbin is kept in a case which is present in the lower section of the machine.

A tension mechanism is produced and the spindle spins and the thread run from the spool through the arm and finally through the needle. The lower thread is present in the bobbin. The bobbin is kept in a case which is present in the lower section of the machine.

A tension mechanism is produced and the spindle spins and the thread run from the spool through the arm and finally through the needle. The lower thread is present in the bobbin. The bobbin is kept in a case which is present in the lower section of the machine.

A tension mechanism is produced and the spindle spins and the thread run from the spool through the arm and finally through the needle. The lower thread is present in the bobbin. The bobbin is kept in a case which is present in the lower section of the machine.

Chainstitch machine

In chain stitch a series of looped stitches form a chain-like pattern. Chain stitches are more flexible than lock stitches. It is like a classic hem stitch and gives a vibrant rope effect. These types of stitches are used in jeans, waistbands and leg seams. It is also used for front placket sewing.

Zigzag Machine

A zigzag machine does zigzag stitches. zigzag stitches are the variant of lock stitch. It is used in edges to avoid fraying.

Over Edging Machine

These types of machines sew over the edge of one or two pieces of cloth for edging, hemming or seaming. They automatically cut the edges and sew. The cutters present in overlock machines allow these machines to create thickened seams easily and quickly. These are also called sergers in North America. Some machines are also available without cutters. These machines run at a high speed from 1000-9000 rpm. These are mostly used in industries for edging hemming and seaming.

These are also called sergers in North America. Some machines are also available without cutters. These machines run at a high speed from 1000-9000 rpm. These are mostly used in industries for edging hemming and seaming.

These are also called sergers in North America. Some machines are also available without cutters. These machines run at a high speed from 1000-9000 rpm. These are mostly used in industries for edging hemming and seaming.

These machines have fewer functions than sewing machines. They use 2-9 threads and multiple needles to create an overcast stitch. They are an addition to regular sewing machines, not a replacement. They are used for decorations, over locking, and is also called overedging, merrowing.

Embroidery Machine

Embroidery machines are meant for Embroidery work. They do embroidery work on fabrics. Embroidery can also be done by a normal zig zag machine. This type of embroidery is called free motion embroidery.

Types Of Sewing Machines

The embroidery machines are computerized machines. They contain a large colour touch-screen, a USB interface, an auto threading, inbuilt design software, embroidery advisor software and a design file storage system.

Button Holler Machine

Button Holler machines are meant to make button holes. The buttonholer is an attachment for a sewing machine. Nowadays most modern machines have this button holler function inbuilt, which many older machines do not have. Any sewing machines that are capable of making lockstitch can make button holes with a buttonholer attachment.

Button Attachment Machine

The machines are used for attaching buttons to fabrics. Normal chain stitch and lock stitch can also be used for this. A button attachment machine is a simple automatic machine, in which button is attached automatically.

Bar tacking sewing machine

In sewing bar tach is known as a series of stitches made to hide any wear or tear in garments. The typical areas of bar tack stitches are buttonholes, belt loops, pocket openings, pleats, corners of collars. Bar tacks can also be done by hand using whip stitches or by machines using zig zag stitches. These types of machines are mostly used for increasing strength in the corner of pockets, attaching belt loops, at the end of the zipper.

Double needle Sewing Machine

The double needle sewing machine uses two needles and two bobbins. So, it forms two parallel rows of lockstitch. The distance between the two parallel stitches depends upon the distance between the two needles in the needle bar. The distance can be adjusted. They are used for making decorative stitches.

Manual or Mechanical Sewing Machine vs Computerised Sewing Machine

At the beginning, many people confused between the mechanical or manual sewing machine and computerized sewing machine. Here we will discuss the pros and cons of both sewing machines. Nowadays more advanced sewing machines are coming with loads of features and new techniques.

Manual machines are cheap. If you are a beginner and have a tight budget then you can go for manual sewing machines. These can handle all the basic sewing tasks. If you are a beginner, it is good to go with it. If you are a learner then it can handle all your abuse during the learning process. It is very strong. You can get a good brand manual sewing machine at a low cost.

You can get a good brand manual sewing machine at a reasonable price because computerized machines are taking the place. In the health point of view if you will use it continuously then you may suffer from leg and back pain. The negative points are that they cannot handle heavy tasks. A Vast feature is not available. Embroidery work cannot be done with ease.

Computerized sewing machines have a lot of plus points. They are easy to carry because of being light weight. You can carry it to different places. If you have less space then, there will be no problem if you get it. Service cost is very less for computerized machines. These have vast features.

They have a strong motor and extra power so that they can handle heavyweight fabrics. Constant use also does not affect it. the Quality of stitch in computerized machines also good. Embroidery work can be done very effectively. They can be programmed so they can memorize previous projects. If you choose a simple electronic machine then you will also get so many features. But computerized sewing machines are costly.

Both are good. You should choose according to your budget and needs. If your budget is tight then go for a high-end mechanical sewing machine rather than a cheap plastic model. It will be useful.

 

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